Grain-eating birds

Wild Turkey

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Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)



The wild turkey is a large bird with a length of 100-120 cm, with 40% falling on the tail. Males weigh about 8.0 kg, and females 3-3.5 kg. Their legs are tall with pale violet or light reddish color. The plumage is dark with greenish sheen of the feathers, with transverse white lines on the tail and wing feathers. The head and neck are bare without feathers and colored light blue with red pearls, with dark blue above the eyes and palate. At the base of the beak from the top of the turkey's head, there is an outgrowth, which, depending on the condition of the turkey, lengthens and shortens.



The female lays up to 15 eggs with pale yellow color and numerous brownish-red spots. It incubates the eggs for 28 days. The chicks leave the nest one night after hatching.



The wild turkey is widespread in North and Eastern America. It is one of the latest domesticated animals, bred in Central America (Mexico) since the end of the 15th century. It was brought to Europe at the beginning of the 16th century.