Fallow Deer

Become a donor

Make a donation

Fallow Deer (Dama dama)

Fallow deer is a herbivorous mammal of the Cloven-footed (Artiodactyla) order. Its homeland is the Mediterranean, from where it has been displaced in South-Eastern, Western and Central Europe. It is also found in North Africa.


Its body reaches length of about 140 cm and height of up to 90 cm. The normal weight of males is 80-90 kg, but they can reach over 200 kg. The females are lighter - about 40 kg.

The deer's antlers are expanded at the end in the form of shovels, with 7-9 outgrowths coming out of their rear side. Two more outgrowths are directed forward from the main stem. The females do not have antlers.

The back fur is dark brown with white oval spots and large dark stripes down the middle. It is lighter on the sides and on the belly. In summer it is rusty brown, and in winter it is almost gray. It is possible to meet white (albino) and black fallow deer.

Lifestyle and nutrition

They live in herds of several females with their cubs. The herd is led by the most experienced female. The males live alone or in male herds, pairing with females only during the breeding season. The fallow deer eat grass, buds, twigs, leaves, tree bark, mushrooms, fruit, etc. They breed in October. The pregnancy lasts 240-250 days. The female gives birth to one, rarely two babies. The sexual maturity occurs after the second year. They live about 20 years.