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Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Raccoon is a medium-sized mammal spread in North America. After introductions in the middle of the 20th century, its habitat expanded to Europe, Caucasus and Japan. Its original habitat is deciduous and mixed forests, but it can easily adapt to mountainous conditions, coastal and even urban regions where it can hunt pests.

The raccoon is the largest member of the Raccoon family with its body length of 40-70 cm and weight of 4-9 kg. Its thick undercoat, which serves as insulation in cold weather, takes almost 90% of his gray fur. The raccoon's two most interesting adjustments are its hypersensitive paws and its face mask.

These adjustments take place in the mythology of Native American tribes. The studies show that raccoons can remember things for up to three years. They belong to the group of omnivores and are usually nocturnal animals.

Their food consists of invertebrates, vertebrates and plants. Raccoons have specific social behavior. The females live together in their own territory, while the males live in groups, in order to protect their positions from invaders during the breeding season. After a pregnancy of about 65 days, the female raccoon gives birth to 2-5 cubs in spring that are abandoned by their mother in autumn.