Big white-fronted goose

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Big white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons)

The big white-fronted goose is a large representative of the Ducks family, Geese order. It weighs between 1.4 and 3.3 kg. Its body length is 65 – 78 cm and the wingspan is about 130 – 165 cm. It is distinguished from the other representatives of the Geese genus by the large and noticeable white spot on the forehead and the black spots on the chest and belly. It makes loud ringing scream. It is widespread and numerous in Europe, Asia and North America. It is also found in Bulgaria. The big white-fronted goose is a typical migratory bird.

It nests in tundra open areas near seashores or wetlands. During wintering, it eats in arable lands and other grasslands, and spends the night in swamps, lakes, reservoirs, more seldom in rivers and coastal sea water. It eats mainly plants and cereals.

The nesting usually starts in the second half of June. The little geese hatch in the second half of July. The nest is built directly on the ground. It is a pit, poorly lined with dry grass, moss, down and small feathers. It lays 3 to 6 eggs. It sits on them for 27–28 days, and during brooding and bringing up the little geese, the male is with the female. The nestlings hatch sufficiently developed, moving and eating independently.